NDA INFORMATION
Defence Exams in India
It is highly prestigious for an individual to serve the nation by being part of the Indian Armed Forces. More than 5 lakhs students appear every year for various exams conducted by the UPSC to join the most coveted and respectable jobs in India. Through these defence exams, the candidates are selected for Indian Defence Academies like Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun, Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala, Air Force Academy (AFA), Dundigal, Officer’s Trainer Academy (OTA) in Chennai and Gaya, etc.
Want to fulfill the dream to be in the Defence Forces in India?
Read in detail about the different Defence exams conducted by UPSC and others.
1. UPSC NDA & NA
National Defence Academy and Naval Academy (NDA & NA) exam is held twice in a year for the students appearing in the 12th board exam or have completed the intermediate level. An offline exam is conducted followed by an SSB interview; after successfully clearing these two stages the candidates undergo a threeyear course in NDA, Khadakwasala.
NDA Eligibility Criteria 2022: NationalityTo apply for NDA, candidates must be 1) A citizen of India or 2) A subject of Nepal or 3) A subject of Bhutan or 4) A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before January 1, 1962, with the intention of permanently settling in India or 5) A person originally Indian who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India Provided that a candidate belonging to categories 2, 3, 4, and 5 must be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Indian government. A certificate of eligibility is not required for Gorkha candidates from Nepal 
NDA Eligibility Criteria 2022: Age Limit
The age limit of candidates should be as given below:
 For NDA 2, candidates must have born not earlier than January 2, 2002, and not later than January 1, 2005
 For NDA 1, candidates should be born not earlier than July 2, 2003, and not later than July 1, 2006
 The commission will accept the date of birth that is entered into Class 10 or 12 certificates
 Candidates need to submit these certificates after the declaration of the result of the written exam
NDA Eligibility Criteria: Educational Qualification
The educational qualification prescribed for admission to the different academies is given below.
The Army wing of NDA  Passed Class 12 or equivalent examination from a recognized board 
The Air Force and Naval wings of NDA and 10+2 Cadet entry scheme at INA  Passed Class 12 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics 
 Candidates who are appearing in Class 12 or equivalent examination can apply
 Candidates appearing in Class 11 exam are not eligible
NDA Eligibility Criteria: Marital Status
Only unmarried male and female candidates can apply for the exam. Candidates should not marry until they complete their training. Candidates who marry during the training will be discharged and have to refund all expenditure spend on them by the government.
NDA Eligibility Criteria 2022: Physical Standards
Candidates must be physically fit according to the physical standards for the NDA exam.
Height & Weight for Army and Air Force
The minimum height prescribed is 157 cms (For Air Force it is 162.5 cms). Certain exceptions are applicable for candidates based on the region from where they belong.
Height (in cms)  Weight (in kgs)  
1617 years  1718 years  1819 years  
152  42.5  44.0  45.0 
155  43.5  45.3  47.0 
157  45.0  47.0  48.0 
160  46.0  48.0  49.0 
162  48.0  50.0  51.0 
165  50.0  52.0  53.0 
167  51.0  53.0  54.0 
170  52.5  55.0  56.0 
173  54.5  57.0  58.0 
175  56.0  59.0  60.0 
178  58.0  61.0  62.0 
180  60.0  63.0  64.5 
183  62.5  65.0  66.5 
For Gorkhas and candidates belonging to hills of NorthEastern areas of India, Garhwal, and Kumaon, the minimum height will be 5 cms less than the figure mentioned above. For candidates belonging to Lakshadweep, the minimum height standard is reduced by 2 cms.
Height and Weight requirements for Navy
Height (In cms)  Weight (in kgs)  
16 years  18 years  20 years  
152  44  45  46 
155  45  46  47 
157  46  47  49 
160  47  48  50 
162  48  50  52 
165  50  52  53 
167  52  53  55 
170  53  55  57 
173  55  57  59 
175  57  59  61 
178  59  61  62 
180  61  63  64 
183  63  65  67 
Candidates who wish to be pilot need to fulfill the following requirements.
 Leg Length:The minimum of 99 cms and maximum of 120 cms
 Thigh Length:Maximum of 64 cms
 Sitting Height:The minimum of 81.50 cms and maximum is 96 cms
Visual Standards
 The distance vision (corrected) of candidates should be 6/6 in the better eye and 6/9 in the worse eye
 Myopia should not be more than 2.5 D
 Hyper metropia not more than 3.5 D including astigmatism
 Air Force candidates must not wear spectacles
Candidates can check below the visual standards for Navy and Air Force.
Specification  Naval  Air Force 
Uncorrected without glass  6/6  6/6, 6/9 
Corrected with glass  6/6  6/6 (only for Hypermetropia) 
Limits of Myopia  0.75  Nil 
Limits of Hypermetropia  +1.5  +2.00 D Sph 
Limits of Colour Perception  I  Nil 
Binocular Vision  III  Nil 
Manifest Myopia  N.A.  Nil Re 
Tinoscopic Myopia  N.A.  0.5 
Colour Vision  N.A.  CPI (MLT) 
Astigmatism  N.A.  +0.75 Cyl (within + 2.0 D.Max) 
Near Vision  N.A.  N5 each eye 
Candidates must not suffer from any of the following minor conditions:
 Wax (Ears)
 Deviated Nasal Septum
 Hydrocele / Phimosis
 Condition of Overweight / Underweight
 Under Sized Chest
 Piles
 Tonsillitis
 Gynaecomastia
 Varicocele
Guidelines regarding Tattoos
 Candidates must ensure that any permanent body tattoos should be present only on their inner side of forearm
 Under no circumstances, UPSC accepts tattoos on the inside of the elbow to the wrist and on the reverse side of palm/back (dorsal) side of the hand
 Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body are also not acceptable
 In case a candidate belongs to a tribe where it is customary to have tattoo, acceptance will be granted considering the traditions involved
Spinal Conditions
Candidates must not have the following diseases:
 Granulomatous disease of spine
 Arthritis/spondylosis (Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders / Ankylosing spondylitis/ Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis and degenerative joint disease / Nonarticular rheumatism (e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago etc.) & Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, polymyositis, vasculitis
 Spondylolisthesis/spondylolysis
 Compression fracture of vertebrae
 SC Heuerman’s disease (Adolescent kyphosis)
 Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of cervical spine
 Unilateral / Bilateral cervical ribs with demon stable neurological or circulatory deficit
 Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s method
 Degenerative Disc. disease
 Presence of Schmorl’s nodes at more than one level
 Atlantooccipital and atlantoaxial anomalies
 Hemi vertebrae and/or incomplete block (fused) vertebrae at any level in cervical, dorsal or lumbar spine and complete block (fused) vertebrae at more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine
 Unilateral Sacralisation or lumbarisation (Complete or incomplete) at all levels and bilateral incomplete sacralisation or lumbarisation
 Any other abnormality if so considered by the specialist
XRay Exam
Any of the following conditions will disqualify the candidature of candidates:
 Granulomatous disease of spine
 Arthritis / spondylosis
 Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s Method (10 degree for Army and Navy)
 More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis
 Spondylolisthesis / Spondylosis / Spondylolysis
 Herniated nucleus pulposes
 Compression fracture of Vertebra
 Sacralisation Disease
 Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit
 Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level
 Atlantooccipital and atlantoaxial anomalies
 Incomplete Sacralisation Unilateral or Bilateral
 Spina Bifida other than SV 1 and LV 5 if completely Sacralised
 Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist
Other medical conditions
 There should not be any symptoms of the weak constitution or bodily defects
 Candidates must have a welldeveloped chest
 The function of the bones or joints should be good
 No history of medical breakdown or fits
 Candidates must have normal hearing capabilities
 No impediment of speech
 Normal blood pressure with no signs of heart disease or blood vessel disease
 No liver or spleen enlargement
 No abnormalities in urine
 No skin diseases
 No abnormalities in USG abdomen examination
 A sufficient number of natural and sound teeth
 Routine ECG for Air Force candidates must fall within normal limits
NDA Syllabus 2022– National Defence Academy (NDA) is the Joint Services academy of the Indian Armed Forces. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the National Defence Academy (NDA) Exam every year. NDA is a nationallevel exam conducted twice a year. This is one of the most soughtafter defence jobs in India to join the Defence Forces as an Officer by the male candidates. The selection of eligible males & females into NDA will be done on the basis of the written test followed by the Personality Test.
NDA Syllabus 2022
NDA written examination is divided into two papers namely Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The boys and girls who are seeking to apply for NDA 2022 must begin their preparation for the written exam by following the detailed NDA Syllabus 2022 which has been discussed in this article. The NDA 1 Exam is to be conducted offline on 10th April 2022 and NDA 2 Exam will be held on 04th September 2022 as per the UPSC Calendar 2022.
NDA Syllabus 2022 Overview
Check the important points of the 22 Syllabus and Exam Pattern in the table below.
Name of the Exam  National Defence Academy (NDA) 
Conducting Body  Union Public Service Commission, UPSC. 
Frequency Of Exam  Twice in a Year (April & September 2022) 
Selection Process 

Mode of exam  Offline 
Papers in NDA Exam 

Marks Segregation 

Total No. of Questions 

Negative Marking 

Exam Duration  2.5 Hours For Each Paper (5 hours total) 
Language of Question Paper  English & Hindi English Language paper has to be attempted in English. 
NDA Exam Pattern 2022
Before getting into the NDA Syllabus let us have a look at the NDA Exam Pattern. The mathematics paper has 120 questions of 300 marks and GAT will have English and GK Papers of 200 & 400 marks respectively.
NDA Mathematics Exam Pattern
Paper I Mathematics  
Total Marks  300 Marks 
Total No. of Questions  120 
Marks awarded for Correct answer  2.5 marks 
Marks deducted for the wrong answer  0.83 
Exam Duration  2.5 Hours 
General Ability Test Exam Pattern
PaperII General Ability Test  
Total Marks  600 marks 
Total No. of Questions  150 
No. of questions in English Section  50 
No. Of questions in General knowledge Section  100 
Maximum Marks for English  200 marks 
Maximum Marks for G.K.  400 marks 
Marks for Correct Answer  4 marks in both sections 
Marks for Incorrect Answer  1.33 marks in both sections 
Exam Duration  2.5 Hours 
Subjects in General Ability Test  Maximum marks 
1. English  200 
Physics  100 
Chemistry  60 
General Science  40 
History, Freedom Movement, etc.  80 
Geography  80 
Current Events  40 
Total  600 
NDA Exam Pattern for SSB Interview
After clearing the written exam of NDA, candidates have to appear for the SSB Interview rounds. The pattern of NDA Interview is as mentioned below:
NDA – SSB Interview Pattern  
Stage 1  Screening Test 

Stage 2  Psychological Test 

Group Testing Officers Test 


Personal Interview & conference  – 
NDA Syllabus 2022
After getting to know the NDA Exam Pattern it is important for the candidates to know the Syllabus of NDA Exam. The NDA Syllabus is discussed below.
NDA Mathematics Syllabus
The chapters covered for NDA Maths Syllabus are given in the table below.
Mathematics  
Topic  Topicwise Syllabus 
Algebra  Sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals, and viceversa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem, and Logarithms. 
Calculus  Concept of a realvalued function, domain, range, and graph of a function. Composite functions, onetoone, onto, and inverse functions. The notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivativeapplication. Derivatives of sum, product, and quotient of functions, a derivative of a function concerning another function, the derivative of a composite function. Secondorder derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima 
Matrices and Determinants  Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, ApplicationsSolution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method. 
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations  Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order, and firstdegree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay. 
Trigonometry  Angles and their measures in degrees and radians. Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Submultiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. ApplicationsHeight and distance, properties of triangles. 
Vector Algebra  Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude, and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product, or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems. 
Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension  Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a threedimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between two lines and the angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere. 
Statistics and Probability  Probability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary, and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution. 
The topicwise question distribution in Maths
Topic  Questions 
Calculus  2025 
Quadratic equation  2015 
Matrices & Determinants  30 
Probability  10 
Trigonometry  30 
Complex number  1015 
NDA General Ability Test Syllabus
The General ability test comprises two papers English and General Knowledge. The English paper consists of 200 Marks while the General Knowledge is of 400 Marks.
NDA Syllabus English
The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English. The syllabus covers various aspects like as given below:
Topic  No. of Questions  No. of Marks 
Spotting Errors  5  20 
Comprehension  6  24 
Selecting Words  10  40 
Ordering of Words in a Sentence  9  36 
Sentence Improvement  10  40 
Antonyms  5  20 
Synonyms  5  20 
Total  50  200 
NDA Syllabus General Knowledge
Check the topicwise number of questions and marks distribution in the table below.
Topic  No. of Questions  No. of Marks 
Physics  23  92 
Chemistry  16  64 
General Science  11  44 
History & Freedom Movement  16  64 
Geography  17  68 
Current Events  17  68 
Total  100  400 
NDA Syllabus Physics
NDA Syllabus For Physics 
 Physical Properties and States of Matter
 Modes of transference of Heat
 Mass, Weight, Volume, Sound waves and their properties
 Simple musical instruments
 Rectilinear propagation of Light
 Density and Specific Gravity
 Reflection and refraction
 Principle of Archimedes
 Spherical mirrors and Lenses
 Pressure Barometer
 Human Eye
 Motion of objects
 Natural and Artificial Magnets
 Velocity and Acceleration
 Properties of a Magnet
 Newton’s Laws of Motion
 Earth as a Magnet
 Force and Momentum
 Static and Current Electricity
 Parallelogram of Forces
 Conductors and Nonconductors
 Stability and Equilibrium of bodies
 Ohm’s Law
 Gravitation
 Simple Electrical Circuits
 Elementary ideas of work
 Heating, Lighting, and Magnetic effects of Current
 Power and Energy
 Measurement of Electrical Power
 Effects of Heat
 Primary and Secondary Cells
 Measurement of Temperature and Heat
 Use of XRays
 General Principles in the working of Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.
NDA Syllabus Chemistry
NDA Syllabus For Chemistry  

NDA Syllabus General Science
NDA Syllabus For General Science  

NDA Syllabus History, Freedom Movement
NDA Syllabus For History  

NDA Syllabus Geography
NDA Syllabus For Geography  

Current Events
https://www.careerpower.in/ndapreviousyearquestionpaper.html
NDA Syllabus For Current Events  
Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent yearsProminent personalities of both Indian and International level, Cultural activities and sports activities, Current important world events. 
Intelligence and Personality Test
The SSB procedure consists of two stages. Only those candidates who clear written exam are permitted to appear for SSB round. The details o SSB exam are given below:
NDA SSB Personality Test  
Stage I 

Stage II 

The various tests of IO, GTO, and Psychological are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly, candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.
NDA Eligibility Criteria 2022 FAQs
 Can women candidates apply for NDA?
 Yes, as per Supreme Court’s order, women candidates can apply for the NDA exam. Earlier, the women candidates were not allowed to appear for the exam. Women candidates will be granted permanent commission in the armed forces.
Q: What is the minimum educational qualification required to apply for NDA exam?
A: Candidates applying for NDA exam must have passed or are appearing in the Class 12 exam. Candidates cannot apply for the exam after Class 11.
Q: What is the age limit to apply for the NDA 1 exam?
A: For NDA 1 exam, candidates must have been born not earlier than July 2, 2003, and not later than July 1, 2006.
Q: Is there any limit in the number of attempts in NDA exam?
No, there is no limit in the number of attempts in NDA exam. Candidates within the prescribed age limit can apply for the exam
Q: Is Mathematics required to apply for NDA exam?
A: Yes, candidates applying for Air Force and Naval wings of NDA and 10+2 cadet entry scheme at INA should study Mathematics in Class 12.
Q: Is there any minimum percentage required in Class 12 to apply for NDA exam?
A: No, there is no minimum percentage in Class 12 for applying to NDA exam.
Q: What are the physical standards required for the NDA exam?
A: Candidates appearing in the NDA exam should be physically fit. Physical fitness is measured in terms of eyesight, height, weight, etc.
Q: Is there any age relaxation for reserved category candidates in NDA exam?
A: Yes, relaxation in the age limit is provided in NDA exam to candidates belonging to reserved categories as per government rule.
Q: I am Class 11, can I apply for NDA exam?
A: No, you are not eligible to appear in NDA exam. Candidates who have appeared or are appearing in Class 12 are eligible to apply for the NDA exam.
Q: I am appearing in Class 12. Can I apply for the exam?
A: Yes, you can apply for NDA exam provisionally. However, you are required to provide a pass certificate of Class 12 at the time of admission.
 How can I fill NDA application form?
 NDA application form needs to be filled online only. The application fees can be paid both online and offline.
Q: What is NDA eligibility criteria for women?
A: According to NDA eligibility criteria for female, candidates who have passed or are appearing in Class 12 can apply for the exam.
Q: What is NDA age limit for girls?
A: NDA age limit for girls is between 16 and 19 years.