Defence Exams in India
It is highly prestigious for an individual to serve the nation by being part of the Indian Armed Forces. More than 5 lakhs students appear every year for various exams conducted by the UPSC to join the most coveted and respectable jobs in India. Through these defence exams, the candidates are selected for Indian Defence Academies like Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun, Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala, Air Force Academy (AFA), Dundigal,
Officer's Trainer Academy (OTA) in Chennai and Gaya, etc.
Want to fulfill the dream to be in the Defence Forces in India?
Read in detail about the different Defence exams conducted by UPSC and others.
1. UPSC NDA & NA
National Defence Academy and Naval Academy (NDA & NA) exam is held twice in a year for the students appearing in the 12th board exam or have completed the intermediate level. An offline exam is conducted followed by an SSB interview; after successfully clearing these two stages the candidates undergo a threeyear course in NDA, Khadakwasala.
NDA Eligibility Criteria 2022: Nationality
To apply for NDA, candidates must be
 ) A citizen of India or
 ) A subject of Nepal or
 ) A subject of Bhutan or
 ) A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before January 1, 1962, with the intention of permanently settling in India or
 ) A person originally Indian who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India
Provided that a candidate belonging to categories 2, 3, 4, and 5 must be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Indian government. A certificate of eligibility is not required for Gorkha candidates from Nepal
NDA Eligibility Criteria 2022: Age Limit
The age limit of candidates should be as given below:
 For NDA 2, candidates must have born not earlier than January 2, 2002, and not later than January 1, 2005
 For NDA 1, candidates should be born not earlier than July 2, 2003, and not later than July 1, 2006
 The commission will accept the date of birth that is entered into Class 10 or 12 certificates
 Candidates need to submit these certificates after the declaration of the result of the written exam
The educational qualification prescribed for admission to the different academies is given below.
 Candidates who are appearing in Class 12 or equivalent examination can apply
 Candidates appearing in Class 11 exam are not eligible
The Army wing of NDA 
Passed Class 12 or equivalent examination from a recognized board 
The Air Force and Naval wings of NDA and 10+2 Cadet entry scheme at INA 
Passed Class 12 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics 
NDA Eligibility Criteria: Marital Status
Only unmarried male and female candidates can apply for the exam. Candidates should not marry until they complete their training. Candidates who marry during the training will be discharged and have to refund all expenditure spend on them by the government.
NDA Eligibility Criteria 2022: Physical Standards
Candidates must be physically fit according to the physical standards for the NDA exam.
Height & Weight for Army and Air Force
The minimum height prescribed is 157 cms (For Air Force it is 162.5 cms). Certain exceptions are applicable for candidates based on the region from where they belong.
Height (in cms)  Weight (in kgs) 


1617 years 
1718 years 
1819 years 

152 
42.5 
44.0 
45.0 
155 
43.5 
45.3 
47.0 
157 
45.0 
47.0 
48.0 
160 
46.0 
48.0 
49.0 
162 
48.0 
50.0 
51.0 
165 
50.0 
52.0 
53.0 
167 
51.0 
53.0 
54.0 
170 
52.5 
55.0 
56.0 
173 
54.5 
57.0 
58.0 
175 
56.0 
59.0 
60.0 
178 
58.0 
61.0 
62.0 
180 
60.0 
63.0 
64.5 
183 
62.5 
65.0 
66.5 
For Gorkhas and candidates belonging to hills of NorthEastern areas of India, Garhwal, and Kumaon, the minimum height will be 5 cms less than the figure mentioned above. For candidates belonging to Lakshadweep, the minimum height standard is reduced by 2 cms.
Height and Weight requirements for Navy
Height (In cms) 
Weight (in kgs) 


16 years 
18 years 
20 years 

152 
44 
45 
46 
155 
45 
46 
47 
157 
46 
47 
49 
160 
47 
48 
50 
162 
48 
50 
52 
165 
50 
52 
53 
167 
52 
53 
55 
170 
53 
55 
57 
173 
55 
57 
59 
175 
57 
59 
61 
178 
59 
61 
62 
180 
61 
63 
64 
183 
63 
65 
67 
Candidates who wish to be pilot need to fulfill the following requirements.
 Leg Length: The minimum of 99 cms and maximum of 120 cms
 Thigh Length: Maximum of 64 cms
 Sitting Height: The minimum of 81.50 cms and maximum is 96 cms Visual Standards:
 The distance vision (corrected) of candidates should be 6/6 in the better eye and 6/9 in the worse eye
 Myopia should not be more than 2.5 D
 Hyper metropia not more than 3.5 D including astigmatism
 Air Force candidates must not wear spectacles
 Candidates can check below the visual standards for Navy and Air Force.
Candidates can check below the visual standards for Navy and Air Force.
Uncorrected without glass 
6/6 
6/6, 6/9 
Corrected with glass 
6/6 
6/6 (only for Hypermetropia) 
Limits of Myopia 
0.75 
Nil 
Limits of Hypermetropia  +1.5 
+2.00 D Sph 
Limits of Colour Perception  I 
Nil 
Binocular Vision  III 
Nil 
Manifest Myopia  N.A. 
Nil Re 
Tinoscopic Myopia  N.A. 
0.5 
Colour Vision  N.A. 
CPI (MLT) 
Astigmatism  N.A. 
+0.75 Cyl (within + 2.0 D.Max) 
Near Vision  N.A. 
N5 each eye 
Candidates must not suffer from any of the following minor conditions:
 Wax (Ears)
 Deviated Nasal Septum
 Hydrocele / Phimosis
 Condition of Overweight / Underweight
 Under Sized Chest
 Piles
 Tonsillitis
 Gynaecomastia
 Varicocele
Guidelines regarding Tattoos
 Candidates must ensure that any permanent body tattoos should be present only on their inner side of forearm
 Under no circumstances, UPSC accepts tattoos on the inside of the elbow to the wrist and on the reverse side of palm/back (dorsal) side of the hand
 Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body are also not acceptable
 In case a candidate belongs to a tribe where it is customary to have tattoo, acceptance will be granted considering the traditions involved
Spinal Conditions
Candidates must not have the following diseases:
 Granulomatous disease of spine
 Arthritis/spondylosis (Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders / Ankylosing spondylitis/ Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis and degenerative joint disease / Nonarticular rheumatism (e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago etc.) & Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, polymyositis, vasculitis
 Spondylolisthesis/spondylolysis
 Compression fracture of vertebrae
 SC Heuerman’s disease (Adolescent kyphosis)
 Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of cervical spine
 Unilateral / Bilateral cervical ribs with demon stable neurological or circulatory deficit
 Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s method
 Degenerative Disc. disease
 Presence of Schmorl’s nodes at more than one level
 Atlantooccipital and atlantoaxial anomalies
 Hemi vertebrae and/or incomplete block (fused) vertebrae at any level in cervical, dorsal or lumbar spine and complete block (fused) vertebrae at more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine
 Unilateral Sacralisation or lumbarisation (Complete or incomplete) at all levels and bilateral incomplete sacralisation or lumbarisation
 Any other abnormality if so considered by the specialist
XRay Exam
Any of the following conditions will disqualify the candidature of candidates:
 Granulomatous disease of spine
 Arthritis / spondylosis
 Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s Method (10 degree for Army and Navy)
 More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis
 Spondylolisthesis / Spondylosis / Spondylolysis
 Herniated nucleus pulposes
 Compression fracture of Vertebra
 Sacralisation Disease
 Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit
 Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level
 Atlantooccipital and atlantoaxial anomalies
 Incomplete Sacralisation Unilateral or Bilateral
 Spina Bifida other than SV 1 and LV 5 if completely Sacralised
 Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist
Other medical conditions
 There should not be any symptoms of the weak constitution or bodily defects
 Candidates must have a welldeveloped chest
 The function of the bones or joints should be good
 No history of medical breakdown or fits
 Candidates must have normal hearing capabilities
 No impediment of speech
 Normal blood pressure with no signs of heart disease or blood vessel disease
 No liver or spleen enlargement
 No abnormalities in urine
 No skin diseases
 No abnormalities in USG abdomen examination
 A sufficient number of natural and sound teeth
 Routine ECG for Air Force candidates must fall within normal limits
NDA Syllabus 2022
National Defence Academy (NDA) is the Joint Services academy of the Indian Armed Forces. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the National Defence Academy (NDA) Exam every year. NDA is a nationallevel exam conducted twice a year. This is one of the most soughtafter defence jobs in India to join the Defence Forces as an Officer by the male candidates. The selection of eligible males & females into NDA will be done on the basis of the written test followed by the Personality Test.NDA Syllabus 2022
NDA written examination is divided into two papers namely Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The boys and girls who are seeking to apply for NDA 2022 must begin their preparation for the written exam by following the detailed NDA Syllabus 2022 which has been discussed in this article. The NDA 1 Exam is to be conducted offline on 10th April 2022 and NDA 2 Exam will be held on 04th September 2022 as per the
NDA Syllabus 2022 Overview
Name of Exam  National Defence Academy (NDA)  Conducting Body  Union Public Service Commission, UPSC. 

Frequency Of Exam  Twice in a Year (April & September 2022)  Selection Process  • Written Test consisting of Objective Type Questions • Intelligence & Personality Test (SSB) 
Mode of Exam  Offline  Papers in NDA Exam  • Mathematics • General Ability Test 
Marks Segregation  • Mathematics: 300 Marks • GAT: 600 Marks 
Total No. of Questions  • Mathematics: 120 • GAT: 150 
Negative Marking  • Mathematics: 0.83 • GAT: 1.33 marks 
Exam Duration  2.5 Hours For Each Paper (5 hours total) 
Language of Question Paper  English & Hindi English Language paper has to be attempted in English. 
NDA Exam Pattern 2022
Before getting into the NDA Syllabus let us have a look at the NDA Exam Pattern. The mathematics paper has 120 questions of 300 marks and GAT will have English and GK Papers of 200 & 400 marks respectively.
NDA Mathematics Exam Pattern
Paper I Mathematics 


Total Marks 
300 Marks 
Total No. of Questions 
120 
Marks awarded for Correct answer 
2.5 marks 
Marks deducted for the wrong answer 
0.83 
Exam Duration 
2.5 Hours 
General Ability Test Exam Pattern
PaperII General Ability Test 


Total Marks 
600 marks 
Total No. of Questions 
150 
No. of questions in English Section 
50 
No. Of questions in General knowledge Section 
100 
Maximum Marks for English 
200 marks 
Maximum Marks for G.K. 
400 marks 
Marks for Correct Answer 
4 marks in both sections 
Marks for Incorrect Answer 
1.33 marks in both sections 
Exam Duration 
2.5 Hours 
Subjects in General Ability Test 
Maximum marks 

English 
200 
Physics 
100 
Chemistry 
60 
General Science 
40 
History, Freedom Movement, etc. 
80 
Geography 
80 
Current Events 
40 
Total 
600 
NDA Exam Pattern for SSB Interview
After clearing the written exam of NDA, candidates have to appear for the SSB Interview rounds. The pattern of NDA Interview is as mentioned below:
NDA – SSB Interview Pattern 


Stage 1 
Screening Test 
1. Verbal and nonverbal tests. 
Stage 2 
Psychological Test 
1. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) 
Group Testing Officers Test 
1. GD 

Personal Interview & conference 
 
NDA Syllabus 2022
After getting to know the NDA Exam Pattern it is important for the candidates to know the Syllabus of NDA Exam. The NDA Syllabus is discussed below.
NDA Mathematics Syllabus
The chapters covered for NDA Maths Syllabus are given in the table below.
Mathematics 

Topic 
Topicwise Syllabus 

Algebra 
Sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals, and viceversa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem, and Logarithms. 
Calculus 
Concept of a realvalued function, domain, range, and graph of a function. Composite functions, onetoone, onto, and inverse functions. The notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivativeapplication. Derivatives of sum, product, and quotient of functions, a derivative of a function concerning another function, the derivative of a composite function. Secondorder derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima 
Matrices and Determinants 
Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, ApplicationsSolution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method. 
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations 
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order, and firstdegree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay. 
Trigonometry 
Angles and their measures in degrees and radians. Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Submultiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. ApplicationsHeight and distance, properties of triangles. 
Vector Algebra 
Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude, and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product, or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems. 
Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension 
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a threedimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between two lines and the angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere. 
Statistics and Probability 
Probability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary, and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution. 
The topicwise question distribution in Maths
Topic 
Questions 

Calculus 
2025 
Quadratic equation 
2015 
Matrices & Determinants 
30 
Probability 
10 
Trigonometry 
30 
Complex number 
1015 
NDA General Ability Test Syllabus
The General ability test comprises two papers English and General Knowledge. The English paper consists of 200 Marks while the General Knowledge is of 400 Marks.
NDA Syllabus English
The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English. The syllabus covers various aspects like as given below:
Topic 
No. of Questions 
No. of Marks 

Spotting Errors 
5 
20 
Comprehension 
6 
24 
Selecting Words 
10 
40 
Ordering of Words in a Sentence 
9 
36 
Topic 
No. of Questions 
No. of Marks 
Sentence Improvement 
10 
40 
Antonyms 
5 
20 
Synonyms 
5 
20 
Total 
50 
200 
NDA Syllabus General Knowledge
Check the topicwise number of questions and marks distribution in the table below.
Topic 
No. of Questions 
No. of Marks 

Physics 
23 
92 
Chemistry 
16 
64 
Selecting Words 
10 
40 
Ordering of Words in a Sentence 
9 
36 
General Science 
11 
44 
History & Freedom Movement 
16 
64 
Geography 
17 
68 
Current Events 
17 
68 
Total 
100 
400 
NDA Syllabus Physics
NDA Syllabus For Physics  

1. Physical Properties and States of Matter 
2. Modes of transference of Heat 
3. Mass, Weight, Volume, Sound waves and their properties 
4. Simple musical instruments 
5. Rectilinear propagation of Light 
6. Density and Specific Gravity 
7. Reflection and refraction 
8. Principle of Archimedes 
9. Spherical mirrors and Lenses 
10. Pressure Barometer 
11. Human Eye 
12. Motion of objects 
13. Natural and Artificial Magnets 
14. Velocity and Acceleration 
15. Properties of a Magnet 
16. Newton’s Laws of Motion 
17. Earth as a Magnet 
18. Force and Momentum 
19. Static and Current Electricity 
20. Parallelogram of Forces 
21. Conductors and Nonconductors 
22. Stability and Equilibrium of bodies 
23. Ohm’s Law 
24. Gravitation 
25. Simple Electrical Circuits 
26. Elementary ideas of work 
27. Heating, Lighting, and Magnetic effects of Current 
28. Power and Energy 
29. Measurement of Electrical Power 
30. Effects of Heat 
31. Primary and Secondary Cells 
32. Measurement of Temperature and Heat 
33. Use of XRays 
34. General Principles in the working of Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses. 
NDA Syllabus Chemistry
NDA Syllabus For Chemistry  

1. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. 
2. Acids, bases and salts. 
3. Carbon— different forms 
4. Physical and Chemical Changes 
5. Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial 
6. Elements 
7. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gunpowder 
8. Mixtures and Compounds 
9. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom 
10. Symbols, Formulae, and simple Chemical Equation 
11. Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights 
12. Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems) 
13. Valency 
14. Properties of Air and Water 
NDA Syllabus General Science
NDA Syllabus For General Science  

1. Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention 
2. Difference between the living and nonliving 
3. Food—Source of Energy for man 
4. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues 
5. Constituents of food 
6. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals 
7. Balanced Diet 
8. Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs 
9. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists 
NDA Syllabus History, Freedom Movement
NDA Syllabus For History  

1. Forces shaping the modern world; 
2. Renaissance 
3. Exploration and Discovery; 
4. A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation 
5. Freedom Movement in India 
6. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and Russian Revolution 
7. War of American Independence, 
8. Impact of Science and Technology on Society 
9. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration 
10. Concept of one World 
11. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India 
12. United Nations, 
13. Panchsheel 
14. Panchayati Raj, Democracy, Socialism and Communism 
15. Role of India in the present world 
16. Cooperatives and Community Development 
17. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, 
18. National Integration and Welfare State 
19. Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi 
NDA Syllabus Geography
NDA Syllabus For Geography  

1. The Earth, its shape and size 
2. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition 
3. Latitudes and Longitudes 
4. Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones, and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation 
5. Concept of time 
6. Types of Climate 
7. International Date Line 
8. Major Natural Regions of the World 
9. Movements of Earth and their effects 
10. Regional Geography of India 
11. Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; 
12. Location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities 
13. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification 
14. Important Sea ports and main sea, land, and air routes of India 
15. Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes 
16. Main items of Imports and Exports of India 
Current Events
https://www.careerpower.in/ndapreviousyearquestionpaper.htmlNDA Syllabus For Current Events 


Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent yearsProminent personalities of both Indian and International level, Cultural activities and sports activities, Current important world events. 
Intelligence and Personality Test
The SSB procedure consists of two stages. Only those candidates who clear written exam are permitted to appear for SSB round. The details o SSB exam are given below:
NDA SSB Personality Test 


Stage I 
1. Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) 
Stage II 
1. Interview (IO) 
The various tests of IO, GTO, and Psychological are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly, candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.
NDA Eligibility Criteria 2022 FAQs
Q1. Can women candidates apply for NDA?
A. Yes, as per Supreme Court's order, women candidates can apply for the NDA exam. Earlier, the women candidates were not allowed to appear for the exam. Women candidates will be granted permanent commission in the armed forces.
Q2. What is the minimum educational qualification required to apply for NDA exam?
A. Candidates applying for NDA exam must have passed or are appearing in the Class 12 exam. Candidates cannot apply for the exam after Class 11.
Q3. What is the age limit to apply for the NDA 1 exam?
A. For NDA 1 exam, candidates must have been born not earlier than July 2, 2003, and not later than July 1, 2006.
Q4. Is there any limit in the number of attempts in NDA exam?
A. No, there is no limit in the number of attempts in NDA exam. Candidates within the prescribed age limit can apply for the exam
Q5. Is Mathematics required to apply for NDA exam?
A. Yes, candidates applying for Air Force and Naval wings of NDA and 10+2 cadet entry scheme at INA should study Mathematics in Class 12.
Q6. Is there any minimum percentage required in Class 12 to apply for NDA exam?
A. No, there is no minimum percentage in Class 12 for applying to NDA exam.
Q7. What are the physical standards required for the NDA exam?
A. Candidates appearing in the NDA exam should be physically fit. Physical fitness is measured in terms of eyesight, height, weight, etc.
Q8. Is there any age relaxation for reserved category candidates in NDA exam?
A. Yes, relaxation in the age limit is provided in NDA exam to candidates belonging to reserved categories as per government rule.
Q9. I am Class 11, can I apply for NDA exam?
A. : No, you are not eligible to appear in NDA exam. Candidates who have appeared or are appearing in Class 12 are eligible to apply for the NDA exam..
Q10. I am appearing in Class 12. Can I apply for the exam?
A. Yes, you can apply for NDA exam provisionally. However, you are required to provide a pass certificate of Class 12 at the time of admission.
Q11. How can I fill NDA application form?
A. NDA application form needs to be filled online only. The application fees can be paid both online and offline.
Q12. What is NDA eligibility criteria for women?
A. According to NDA eligibility criteria for female, candidates who have passed or are appearing in Class 12 can apply for the exam.
Q13. What is NDA age limit for girls?
A. NDA age limit for girls is between 16 and 19 years.